For the Messianic Jewish community, as well as for the broader Jewish world, I think it is time to come to a definition of the Jewish identity and what it means to be Jewish. With this I would like to provide an answer to the question of public interest: Can "Messianic Jews" rightfully claim to be Jews?
I. Introduction - Defining Jewish Identity
Part 0 : What makes up an identity?
- 0.1. Belonging: What causes people to take on an identity or identify with a certain community?
- 0.2. Selfdefinition: How is identity defined?
- 0.3. Purpose of life within identity: Does the answer to the purpose of life have to be the same for all that claim the same identity?
- 0.4. Accountability regarding the identity and its responsabilities: How are the self-expectations as well as the expectations of outsiders in regard to the identity formed?
Part 1: Is there a distiction to be made between Jewish believers and followers of Yeshua and non-Jewish ones?
- 1.1. Do all believers in Yeshua have to observe the Torah given specifically to Israel?
- regarding Shabbat
- regarding other commandments
- 1.2. Is the Olive Tree something bigger than the Jewish people?
- 1.3. Is Christianity supposed to be true Judaism and the Church supposed to be true Israel?
- 1.4. If being a Jew is an honour, which entails special promises but also responsabilities, are these promises and responsabilities automatically transfered to non-Jews that become believers?
- 2.1. How can we describe the responsabilities in terms that touch the heart of the calling of the Jewish people?
Looking forward for your comments and contributions!